任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com Breaking news for everyone's consumption Fri, 08 May 2020 17:24:29 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.2 http://rileyannenowlan.com/files/2018/05/cropped-siteicon-32x32.png 任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com 32 32 lxb_maple_bar_source 任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/beach-beat-fda-posts-less-than-half-the-number-of-food-recalls-during-pandemic/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/beach-beat-fda-posts-less-than-half-the-number-of-food-recalls-during-pandemic/#respond Fri, 08 May 2020 04:04:16 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=194115 Continue Reading]]> Opinion

A few weeks ago many government agencies announced they would be following public health recommendations and have non-essential employees stay home because of the coronavirus pandemic. Among the staff activities and services suspended by the FDA were certain random tests of food and inspections of domestic and foreign food facilities, which includes the entire food supply chain.

日本成本人片无码免费That seemed really odd to me because if testing for pathogens such as E. coli and parasites like Cyclospora aren’t essential public health services provided by the Food and Drug Administration, I can’t imagine what are.

Then there’s the fact that food recalls have dropped off compared to the same time period in 2019. And, most of the recalls posted this year that have been related to food have had to do with undeclared allergens ?not unusual in and of itself, but the number of recalls for foodborne pathogens has been lower in recent weeks than it was in 2019.

The way it usually works is that some governmental entity pulls a random sample of some food, often fresh produce including bagged salads, and tests it for pathogens. If positive results are returned, the government notifies the company and suggests a recall. Most of the time the company agrees to avoid having the FDA use its mandatory recall authority.

We at Food Safety News日本成本人片无码免费 watch the food recalls all day every day. We noticed the decrease so I sent four questions to the FDA. A spokesperson for the agency sent responses for two and a half of the questions.

日本成本人片无码免费That level of response is about par for local, state, and federal folks in most scenarios.

日本成本人片无码免费The majority of the FDA’s answers are boilerplate language, most of which was already posted online, thus spurring my more specific questions.

In the interest of transparency, here are my four questions and the FDA’s responses. I think they misunderstood ?possibly like having selective hearing difficulties when someone wants you to do something ?Questions 3 and 4, which we’re referring to reports for known foodborne pathogens and extraneous material, not for COVID-19.  

Beach Beat Questions

1.日本成本人片无码免费 Can someone provide comments about the drop in food recalls since the testing/inspection cutbacks related to COVID-19?

2. I’ve read the info on the (agency) website and am looking for more details, such as how many food recalls there were during the same period in 2019.

3. Is there any concern that contaminated food is reaching consumers? 

4.日本成本人片无码免费 Have there been any reports of contamination or illnesses related to foodborne pathogens or extraneous material since the inspections/testing was rolled back?

Answers from FDA (Numbered by FDA)

1. Is there any concern that contaminated food is reaching consumers?

The FDA’s food safety net remains strong. For the time being, we are not doing in-person routine surveillance inspections of farms and food facilities in this country and others that export foods to the United States. 

We are doing this to limit exposure to the virus and out of concern for the safety of FDA investigators, state inspectors, and the workers in these farms and facilities as people all over the world are sheltering in place.

However, we are still doing mission-critical inspections when needed to protect public health. Such inspections could be necessitated by natural disasters, outbreaks of foodborne illness, Class 1 recalls, and, in some cases, inspections at firms with a poor track record when it comes to food safety.  

We have other tools and authorities to help ensure the safety of imported foods, including product examinations at the ports of entry and the use of PREDICT, our risk-based import screening tool to focus our examinations and sample collections.

And the FDA is conducting a limited number of remote inspections involving the electronic submission of records by importers covered by the Foreign Supplier Verification Programs (FSVP) requirements. We are prioritizing importers of food from foreign suppliers whose onsite food facility or farm inspections have been postponed due to COVID-19.

It’s also important to remember that the FDA’s Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) changed the paradigm on food safety from detection to prevention.  FDA-regulated facilities are required to have preventive controls in place each and every day to ensure that the foods they produce are safe.  The industry has the primary responsibility to ensure the foods they produce are safe and by and large, they’re doing an amazing job at providing safe and available food to consumers.  Clearly, at this critical time, food safety is as important as it has ever been, and we expect food producers to redouble their food safety efforts.

And last but not least, FDA’s Coordinated Outbreak Response and Evaluation (CORE) Network is fully staffed and on the job looking for signs of foodborne illness outbreaks. CORE works with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other partners in local, state, and federal government to protect consumers from contaminated foods.

2. Have there been any reports of contamination or illnesses related to foodborne pathogens or extraneous material since the inspections/testing was rolled back?

Currently, there is no evidence of food or food packaging being associated with the transmission of COVID-19.

In response to interest regarding how the number of food recalls initiated since the start of the pandemic compares to a similar timeframe last year, from March 11, 2020 (date pandemic declared) through April 29, 2020, 26 human food recalls were posted to the FDA Enforcement Report database.  In comparison, 60 human food recalls were posted to the Enforcement Report with recall initiation dates between March 11, 2019, and April 29, 2019.

Please note that recall initiation dates are publicly available in the Enforcement Report and may be found at http://www.fda.gov/safety/recalls-market-withdrawals-safety-alerts/enforcement-reports.

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任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/letter-to-the-editor-reopening-restaurants-with-digital-handwashing/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/letter-to-the-editor-reopening-restaurants-with-digital-handwashing/#respond Wed, 06 May 2020 04:00:39 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=194048 Continue Reading]]>  Opinion
The COVID-19 lockdown and subsequent reopening scheduled have raised the bar on restaurant cleanliness, especially hand cleanliness.
Operators are filling their entryways with hand sanitizer dispensers as one might expect following all the public briefings by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
 But there is also unexpected use of technology that even the CDC hadn’t thought about. Crushed Red, in their seven restaurants, assures customers that prep-line handwashing is a verified reality, even for restroom hand washes.
Please wash vs. Thank you for washing
Some restaurants facing reopening will be replacing their restroom mirror handwashing reminders with fresh signage. Crushed Red, thanks to Voice Recognition technology, has data rather than an aspirational plea.
Customer trust is the simple outcome of a well-conducted symphony. When it comes to the handwashing factor, data is the maestro, according to concept founder, Chris LaRocca. “We replace hope they wash with know they wash. Data gives us facts which further drive staff motivation and professionalization.?/div>
The Crushed Red employees find this paperless logging of handwashing convenient and even motivating. First, their name appears in a window on the voice recognition box, attached to the soap dispenser. Then, via realtime reports, their compliance to the handwashing policy is confirmed. Their personal performance becomes a link in the chain of teamsmanship success.
Each employee knows their WIN, their individual Wash Index Number, MyWIN. They also know the OurWIN factor which is a team measurement by shift.
?Jim Mann,
Handwashing for Life Institute

Editor’s note: We want to hear from our readers. Letters to the Editor can be submitted via the Contact Us link on our website.

(To sign up for a free subscription to Food Safety News, click here.)

]]> http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/letter-to-the-editor-reopening-restaurants-with-digital-handwashing/feed/ 0 任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/publishers-platform-life-and-death-at-work-during-the-time-of-the-coronavirus-where-in-the-hell-is-the-testing/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/publishers-platform-life-and-death-at-work-during-the-time-of-the-coronavirus-where-in-the-hell-is-the-testing/#respond Mon, 04 May 2020 04:56:32 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=194037 Continue Reading]]> 日本成本人片无码免费The staff of Food Safety News has always worked remotely across several time zones.  Social distancing is second nature to this crew.

Since late February, myself and my law firm has successfully transitioned from in office work and world travel to home offices and Zoom and phone speeches, court hearings, mediations and depositions.

日本成本人片无码免费Although we think ourselves self-important ?at least to our clients and our small part of the civil justice system ?we really are a very, very small part of a functioning society.

日本成本人片无码免费Clearly, we all agree that front-line people in the military, police and fire have always been honored as “first responders.” Now, we rightly honor EMTs, Doctors, Nurses and other health care professionals, as well as bus drivers, transit workers, mail carriers, UPS, Fed-Ex drivers and grocery store workers, as those on the front line.

日本成本人片无码免费As I am thinking of planning to bring people back to the Marler Clark office in the next thirty days, I realize that despite our most rigorous efforts of social distancing and handwashing, we are blind without coronavirus ?COVID-19 ?SARS-CoV-2 testing ?either acute or antibody testing.

We could have the best policies in place, but without knowing who has been sick, who is sick and who is just simply shedding the coronavirus, we really know nothing.

And, for “essential workers,?the lack of real-time testing must be a nightmare.

In a recent NEJM article日本成本人片无码免费, the stark contrast of what we do not know ?who is sick and who has been sick.

日本成本人片无码免费Here are some “highlights?from the article and our state of ill-preparedness:

  • High level of SARS-CoV-2 shedding in the upper respiratory tract ?means in is more easily transmissible via a cough or a sneeze.
  • Pre-symptomatic patients, infected and are shedding virus, do not show symptoms for about 5 days (peak median) ?So, seemingly well people may be shedding the virus without knowing it.

日本成本人片无码免费We need testing ?real-time testing ?that helps all employers make the kind of decisions that enable the work environment “open up?in a way that is healthful for both our people and our economy.

日本成本人片无码免费So, where in the hell is the testing?

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任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/letter-from-the-editor-truth-is-blue-bell-sure-made-lots-of-news-for-case-about-concealment/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/letter-from-the-editor-truth-is-blue-bell-sure-made-lots-of-news-for-case-about-concealment/#respond Mon, 04 May 2020 04:05:42 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=194012 Continue Reading]]> Opinion

Not since the defunct Peanut Corporation of America’s CEO Stewart Parnell was convicted six years ago has an American food industry executive been in as much possible criminal jeopardy as former Blue Bell Creamery CEO Paul W. Kruse is now.

Most media outlets in the United States, including Food Safety News, over the weekend, reported on the filing of these criminal charges, most leading with the fact that Kruse is accused of conspiracy with other “known and unknown” Blue Bell employees in order to obtain “money from customers.”

While that charge may sound relatively close to the job description of a corporate executive in America, the added detail that makes it an alleged criminal conspiracy is the accusation that Kruse’s true goal was to conceal potential or confirmed listeria from “certain Blue Bell customers.”

Blue Bell went through a battle with Listeria, that most stubborn of pathogens with its all-to-common 30 percent fatality rate. Such battles often end with burning the company to the ground and rebuilding from the ground up. That’s essentially what Blue Bell did in recalling all its product from the market, shutting down all of its production, and furloughing almost all of its employees. It’s far from my first candidate for being a conspiracy of concealment.   

Then there was the fact that for almost the first time in history, science connected this unusual outbreak to five-year-old illnesses by linking them to listeria strains found at two of the Blue Bell production facilities. Until then, science found current illnesses involved an outbreak and identified others as they occurred.  

This fact alone made writing about Blue Bell like trying to drink from a fire hose for science and food safety writers. When Kruse retired two years ago, it was on a high note of recovery of the century-old family-owned business.

Blue Bell, as a company, has pleaded guilty to two misdemeanor counts of shipping products across state lines that were involved in the 2015 outbreak and it agreed to pay $19.35 million in civil charges. The company also has signed a secret plea agreement with the government that might not be favorable to Kruse. At this point, he is not charged with any interstate shipping of adulterated products.

Kruse has not yet appeared in U.S. District Court in Austin, TX, but when he does, he is expected to plead not guilty to one count of conspiracy and six counts of wire fraud. He could be sentenced to as much as 20 years in prison and $250 in fines on each count up to $1 million.

Parnell, too, was charged with multiple counts of fraud and those convictions added significantly to his sentence of 28-year prison sentence. But a side-by-side comparison of the wire fraud charges against Parnell and those just lodged against Kruse show more differences than similarities. 

Wire fraud charges against Parnell were for emails he wrote, which overall had to do with forgery of the Certificates of Analysis (COA)  that PCA customers had requested. To his peanut broker brother Michael, he wrote” “please notice the lot numbers don’t match… if YOU want to change them, then please do…”

Parnell ordered the product shipped to customers that had tested positive for Salmonella. A shipment that had not tested within an acceptable microbiological range was approved, and the  Parnell email approved the shipment because he said the customer did not ask for a COA — or there was the email involving the use of peanut past that Parnell said: “tasted like shit.”

The emails for Counts 2 through 7 in the Kruse case are different.  He did not write or respond in any of the six “wire transmissions.”  A statement he made was reportedly quoted in two of the six.

Dated from Feb. 19, 2015, to April 7, 2015, five of the six emails are from Blue Bell sales employees and one is from a “quality” employee. All six were basically responding to various levels of customers about why Blue Bell ice cream was being removed from shelves.

Two February emails, one to a school district and the other to a restaurant chain, responded with a Kruse statement that ice cream was being removed over malfunctioning equipment. The prosecution says, “the actual reason” was certain Blue Bell products had tested positive for Listeria monocytogenes.

In two others, emails do not disclose the fact that the product was removed for Listeria contamination, according to the charges.

In one April email exchange, a sales employee did not disclose that when Blue Bell’s Broken Arrow, OK, production was shutdown the CDC had also recommended not eating ice cream made at the facility based on additional positive Listeria tests.

And in another email exchange, between a Blue Bell quality employee and an Arkansas retail chain, the government says conditions at the creamery were “misrepresented” and Listeria test results were not disclosed.

The bottom line?   Parnell’s fraud was clear to the jury from the get-go.  The Blue Bell emails might not say that to a jury.

April 7 was the last date on the six emails that carry a wire fraud count.  Here’s what Food Safety News was reporting that is contemporaneous around those dates.

This is also about the time that the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began calling Blue Bell “a complex multistate outbreak investigation of listeriosis occurring over several years.” It was where whole genome sequencing (WGS) for one of the first times is used to pull up pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) DNA fingerprints from history. 

The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control first isolated Listeria from Blue Bell brand single-serving ice cream produced in Brenham, TX, in February 2015. Whole genome sequencing or WGS linked the Listeria to multiple strains that infected ten people from 2010 to 2014 in four states Arizona 1; Kansas 5, Oklahoma 1; and Texas 3.   

As the fast-moving investigation carried into March, Kansas health officials were able to determine that all five who were sickened in that state were hospitalized for different and unrelated problems “before developing invasive listeriosis.” In other words, their infections were likely acquired in the Kansas hospital. And four of five had PFSE patterns consistent with the ice cream tests in Texas and South Carolina. Three died.

  • On March 13, Blue Bell announced removing its “Scoops” ice cream product and others made on the same production line at Brenham, TX, and shutting down that production line.
  • On March 22, Kansas reports finding Listeria in previously unopened single-serve Blue Bell brand chocolate ice cream collected from the Kansas hospital. It was produced at Blue Bell in Broken Arrow, OK, and matches previous tests.
  • On March 23, Bell Blue announces recall of the 3-ounce ice cream cups produced at Broken Arrow, OK.
  •  On April 3, 2015, Blue Bell Creameries voluntarily suspended operations at its Broken Arrow plant to thoroughly inspect the facility due to a 3-ounce institutional/food service chocolate cup that tested positive for Listeria monocytogenes and was immediately withdrawn from all outlets. That product was only available to Blue Bell’s foodservice and institutional accounts and was recalled along with 3-ounce vanilla and strawberry institutional/food service cups. 
  • On April 4, 2015, out of an abundance of caution, Blue Bell began working with retail outlets to remove all products produced in Broken Arrow from their service area. These products are identified with a code date ending in O, P, Q, R, S, or T located on the bottom of the carton, and they are a part of the voluntary market withdrawal. 
  • On April 7, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration notified Blue Bell that the Banana Pudding Ice Cream pint tested positive for Listeria monocytogenes. This pint was produced in the Broken Arrow plant on Feb. 12, 2015. Subsequently, Blue Bell is recalling all products made on that one particular production line from Feb. 12, 2015, to March 27, 2015. These products were produced on that same line and have a code date ending in either S or T. Recalled products produced in Oklahoma are identified by the code date on the bottom of the carton. 
  • On April 8, 2015, CDC reported that whole-genome sequencing (WGS) confirmed that three of the four isolates from people in Texas were nearly identical to Listeria strains isolated from product produced by Blue Bell in Oklahoma. 
  • On April 20, 2015, Blue Bell voluntarily recalled all products on the market made at any of its facilities including ice cream, frozen yogurt, sherbet, and frozen snacks. The complete shutdown came after Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough Ice Cream in half gallons tested positive for Listeria.

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任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/offering-businesses-immunity-from-coronavirus-liability-is-a-bad-idea/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/offering-businesses-immunity-from-coronavirus-liability-is-a-bad-idea/#respond Sun, 03 May 2020 04:03:25 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=193978 Continue Reading]]> CONTRIBUTED Opinion

Governors around the country are attempting to restart the economy by easing restrictions put in place to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The prospect of returning to “normal?amid a pandemic has businesses lobbying Congress to grant them sweeping immunity from civil liability for failure to adequately protect workers and customers from infection.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has warned of an “avalanche?of lawsuits that will stymie economic recovery efforts if Congress does not act quickly. He said he won’t let another coronavirus bailout pass the Senate unless it also shields companies from coronavirus-related liability.

My research on the role of civil lawsuits in reducing foodborne illness outbreaks suggests that fears of excessive litigation are unwarranted. What’s more, the modest liability exposure that does exist is important to ensuring businesses take reasonable coronavirus precautions as they reopen their doors.

How not to be careless
As a general matter, businesses are subject to civil liability for carelessness that causes injury to others. The law defines carelessness as a failure to exercise “reasonable care.?/p>

日本成本人片无码免费In applying this standard, courts consider several factors:

日本成本人片无码免费If the answer to one or more of the questions is no, then a court may conclude that the business was careless and is subject to liability for damages to customers who suffered harm.

日本成本人片无码免费In the context of the current pandemic, I believe that reasonable care sets a clear standard for business owners. Invest in cost-effective precautions like ensuring employees wear masks and gloves and keeping customers apart. Follow the guidance of health officials and all health and safety regulations. Keep up with what other similar businesses are doing to prevent infection. Use common sense.

Law abiding, thoughtful business owners日本成本人片无码免费 ?those who care about the safety of their employees and their patrons ?are likely to exercise reasonable care to prevent COVID-19 transmission with or without the threat of a lawsuit.

For example, the owner of a nail salon in Georgia recently described her plans for reopening. The salon will accept patrons by appointment only, conduct pre-screening telephone interviews for signs of illness, limit the number of people in the salon at any one time, take temperatures before allowing people to enter, require hand-washing, equip employees and patrons with masks and gloves, and sanitize all work areas between appointments.

Conscientious business owners like this have no reason to fear a lawsuit alleging they failed to take reasonable precautions.

Predictions of “frivolous?lawsuits appear to be generating unnecessary anxiety among business groups. But they shouldn’t. Personal injury lawyers representing victims work on a contingency fee日本成本人片无码免费 basis. This means that they only earn fees when they bring cases with a strong enough chance of winning to reach a favorable settlement or a judgment.

Lawyers have no incentive to bring sure losers, and they risk being disciplined for professional misconduct if they do so. For these reasons, frivolous lawsuits are rare and highly unlikely in the context of COVID-19 transmission claims against businesses.

Exaggerated fears
日本成本人片无码免费Even for business owners who fail to take reasonable precautions, the prospect of a lawsuit is still remote.

To successfully sue a business for COVID-19 transmission, a patron would have to prove that he or she contracted COVID-19 from the business and not from some other source. However, most people infected with COVID-19 currently have no reliable way of identifying the source of their infection. The gap of three to 11 days between infection and illness, the difficulty of recalling all of one’s contacts during that interval and limited testing for the virus present formidable obstacles to establishing causation.

日本成本人片无码免费Moreover, a business would not be liable to patrons who knowingly and voluntarily assumed the risk of infection. Patrons of crowded stores or businesses where many customers and employees are not wearing masks, for example, would not have viable legal claims even if they can prove carelessness and causation.

Sending a strong signal
Because of these considerable challenges, viable legal claims related to COVID-19 are likely to be extremely rare.

Yet even occasional lawsuits act as a nudge, encouraging the entire business community to adopt reasonable precautions. This is one of the lessons of civil litigation arising out of foodborne illness outbreaks.

As I document in my 2019 book, ?a href="http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/O/bo35855002.html">Outbreak: Foodborne Illness and the Struggle for Food Safety,?a small handful of high-profile lawsuits against food companies have encouraged businesses at every link along the supply chain to improve their safety practices. That’s what happened after lawsuits against Jack in the Box over contaminated hamburgers in 1993 and Dole over E. coli日本成本人片无码免费in baby spinach in 2006.

日本成本人片无码免费Similarly, the prospect of liability for COVID-19 transmission is likely to encourage business owners to invest in cost-effective precautions, follow the advice of public health authorities, adopt industry safety standards and use common sense.

日本成本人片无码免费Shielding business owners from this liability is one kind of immunity that will not help end the current crisis.

(To sign up for a free subscription to Food Safety News, click here.)

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任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/publishers-platform-blue-bell-creameries-agrees-to-plead-guilty-and-pay-19-35-million-for-ice-cream-listeria-contamination-former-company-president-charged/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/05/publishers-platform-blue-bell-creameries-agrees-to-plead-guilty-and-pay-19-35-million-for-ice-cream-listeria-contamination-former-company-president-charged/#respond Fri, 01 May 2020 20:51:12 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=193992 Continue Reading]]> So says the press release from the Department of Justice today.

Here is something that I wrote almost 5 years ago today:


After watching the Blue Bell Listeria Outbreak unfold over the last months ?especially after reading the FDA’s 483’s, I think it is time for the President and CEO of Blue Bell to consult with criminal counsel.  True, perhaps he did not know that his Broken Arrow Plant had Listeria positives going back over years, but knowledge is not necessary for the FDA and a US Attorney to prosecute ?just ask the Jensens and DeCosters.

日本成本人片无码免费Congress passed the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act in 1938 in reaction to growing public safety demands.  The primary goal of the Act was to protect the health and safety of the public by preventing deleterious, adulterated or misbranded articles from entering interstate commerce.  Under section 402(a)(4) of the Act, a food product is deemed “adulterated?if the food was “prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have become contaminated with filth, or whereby it may have been rendered injurious to health.?A food product is also considered “adulterated?if it bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance, which may render it injurious to health.  The 1938 Act, and the recently signed Food Safety Modernization Act, stand today as the primary means by which the federal government enforces food safety standards.

日本成本人片无码免费Chapter III of the Act addresses prohibited acts, subjecting violators to both civil and criminal liability. Provisions for criminal sanctions are clear:

日本成本人片无码免费Felony violations include adulterating or misbranding a food, drug, or device, and putting an adulterated or misbranded food, drug, or device into interstate commerce.  Any person who commits a prohibited act violates the FDCA.  A person committing a prohibited act “with the intent to defraud or mislead?is guilty of a felony punishable by years in jail and millions in fines or both.

日本成本人片无码免费A misdemeanor conviction under the FDCA, unlike a felony conviction, does not require proof of fraudulent intent, or even of knowing or willful conduct.  Rather, a person may be convicted if he or she held a position of responsibility or authority in a firm such that the person could have prevented the violation.  Convictions under the misdemeanor provisions are punishable by not more than one year or fined not more than $250,000, or both.

The legal jargon aside, if you are a producer of food and knowingly or not sell adulterated food, you can (and should) face fines and jail time.  Mr. Kruse, I know you are a lawyer, but you should get another one.

The inspection observations of the most recent completed FDA inspections at the Blue Bell production facilities in Brenham, Texas, Broken Arrow, Okla., and Sylacauga, Ala. are available:

More from the Justice Department:

日本成本人片无码免费Texas-based ice cream manufacturer Blue Bell Creameries L.P. agreed to plead guilty to charges it shipped contaminated products linked to a 2015 listeriosis outbreak, and the company’s former president was charged in connection with a scheme to cover up the incident, the Justice Department announced today.

日本成本人片无码免费In a plea agreement filed with a criminal information in federal court in Austin, Texas, Blue Bell agreed to plead guilty to two misdemeanor counts of distributing adulterated ice cream products and pay a criminal fine and forfeiture amount totaling $17.25 million.  Blue Bell also agreed to pay an additional $2.1 million to resolve civil False Claims Act allegations regarding ice cream products manufactured under insanitary conditions and sold to federal facilities.  The total $19.35 million in fine, forfeiture, and civil settlement payments constitutes the second largest-ever amount paid in resolution of a food-safety matter.

日本成本人片无码免费In a related case, Blue Bell’s former president, Paul Kruse, also was charged with seven felony counts related to his alleged efforts to conceal from customers what the company knew about the listeria contamination.

“American consumers rely on food manufacturers to take necessary steps to provide products that are safe to eat,?said Assistant Attorney General Jody Hunt of the Department of Justice’s Civil Division.  “The Department of Justice will take appropriate action where food manufacturers ignore poor factory conditions or fail to abide by required recall procedures when problems are discovered.?/p>

日本成本人片无码免费The plea agreement and criminal information filed today against Blue Bell in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas alleges that the company distributed ice cream products that were manufactured under insanitary conditions and contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes, in violation of the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.  According to the plea agreement, Texas state officials notified Blue Bell in February 2015 that two ice cream products from the company’s Brenham, Texas factory tested positive for Listeria monocytogenes, a dangerous pathogen that can lead to serious illness or death in vulnerable populations such as pregnant women, newborns, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems.  Blue Bell directed its delivery route drivers to remove remaining stock of the two products from store shelves, but the company did not recall the products or issue any formal communication to inform customers about the potential listeria contamination.  Two weeks after receiving notification of the first positive listeria tests, Texas state officials informed Blue Bell that additional testing confirmed listeria in a third product.  Blue Bell again chose not to issue any formal notification to customers regarding the positive tests.

Here is Kruse Indictment – 1-main

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任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/04/trumps-order-to-keep-meat-plants-open-gives-big-business-a-loophole/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/04/trumps-order-to-keep-meat-plants-open-gives-big-business-a-loophole/#respond Thu, 30 Apr 2020 04:02:20 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=193915 Continue Reading]]> Opinion

President Trump’s executive order keeping meat plants open during the COVID-19 pandemic is a further threat to the health of the women and men who produce our food. The order would gut any incentive that companies do the right thing to protect the workforce, and instead push risks onto workers.

日本成本人片无码免费By invoking the Defense Production Act, the order would deny workers their day in court even if they get sick as a result of employer negligence.

By its failure to provide adequate personal protective equipment and to assure social distancing, the meat industry already tried ignoring the risks of COVID and workers paid the price, in at least 17 cases, with their lives. Forcing workers to come back into work will only spread the virus further.

日本成本人片无码免费This is certainly no time to offer special favors absolving the industry from its legal responsibilities to its workers.

To help ensure both worker safety and the continuity of the food supply, the administration should require that meat and poultry plants enforce social distancing, install workstation dividers where distancing is impractical, provide masks and other personal protective equipment, and most importantly, provide paid sick leave to workers.

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任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/04/hidden-public-health-benefits-of-the-covid-19-experience/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/04/hidden-public-health-benefits-of-the-covid-19-experience/#respond Tue, 28 Apr 2020 04:02:35 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=193869 Continue Reading]]> Opinion.

If anything should restore the confidence of the American people in our governmental agencies and institutions, it is the leadership of our medical and public health professionals in this time of crisis. We should all appreciate the diligent response to the COVID-19 pandemic coming from our public health agencies and medical communities. We should also recognize the remarkable willingness of our businesses to close, and for workers to sacrifice their jobs to prevent the loss of life. These magnanimous efforts of goodwill on the part of one and all are particularly comforting in light of the political divides that separate us. 

While there has been a heroic effort on the part of many, I want to emphasize my admiration for the steadfast determination of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state and local public agencies, as they have exercised their power to protect us in the face of political backlash and protests. It is therefore reassuring that in spite of the hardships we face, we have pulled together, and the public has respected the disease mitigation efforts recommended by the experts. The last few weeks have made me proud to be a public health professional. 

日本成本人片无码免费It’s still a long way to full recovery, but as the result of the heightened public awareness about communicable disease generated by the pandemic, I predict there will be some positive benefits that will eventually result.

The average person now clearly realizes that personal hygiene and sanitation can play vital roles in preventing disease transmission. This is true, even for those diseases like COVID-19 that are primarily respiratory in nature, as respiratory droplets contaminate hands and environmental surfaces and then spread through cross-contact. This transmission pathway is well known; however, this current pandemic has brought the risks into sharp focus for everyone. 

There are several positive outcomes that should result from the public’s renewed respect for more frequent and effective hand washing, and improved environmental sanitation. Those who have tested positive for COVID-19 are a lot more likely to be washing their hands and sanitizing their schools, workplaces and living environments than they were in the past — we are reaching close to 1 million positive COVID-19 cases in the US at the time of this writing — and those who were fortunate enough to avoid exposure now feel the pressure to follow suit.

日本成本人片无码免费In addition to flattening the COVID-19 epidemic curve, improved hygienic practices on a national scale will also likely reduce the burdens of influenza, colds, and viral gastrointestinal disease agents such as norovirus, and can also act to limit the spread of some bacterial agents, such as Shigella.

Public health agents at the federal, state and local levels have demonstrated their tremendous value to society, and as a result, there should be increased support for public health programs and the enforcement of public health rules. Programs that should benefit at the local level include public health nursing, environmental epidemiology, and the regulation of schools, childcare centers, nursing homes, food service, and retail food establishments. For all public health agencies, it may mean better funding, an increase in manpower, and an increase in political support.

When good hygiene practices become institutionalized, they become part of the culture. These beneficial behaviors are then passed along to our children and pay dividends in better health and longer life for generations to come. These practices, if they are sustained, will also help to control the next round of emerging pathogens that will surely come.

As mechanisms of communicable disease transmission change, our survival depends on a vigorous response, and on continuous advancements in research and medical science. It was just a few hundred years ago when plagues went unchecked and killed much of the population. To avoid this, we must have prompt notification of an emerging danger, receive scientifically sound advice, act quickly to mitigate the risks, and have access to effective medical treatments. 

COVID-19 has taught us that worldwide pandemics develop very quickly and know no national, cultural or ideological boundaries. We must therefore foster in all nations an increased appreciation for improving communicable disease surveillance, and the value of taking a proactive response to emerging disease threats.

Our survival increasingly depends on sharing information, teamwork, communication and coordination across borders; for in the eyes of the pathogens, we are indeed one people. 

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任你懆视频这精品 http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/04/letter-to-the-editor-another-perspective-on-aquaponics/ http://rileyannenowlan.com/2020/04/letter-to-the-editor-another-perspective-on-aquaponics/#respond Tue, 28 Apr 2020 04:00:54 +0000 http://rileyannenowlan.com/?p=193876 Continue Reading]]> Opinion

日本成本人片无码免费Dear Editor,

I am writing in response to the STEC E. coli article related to the Purdue Study.

日本成本人片无码免费I am a board adviser for the Aquaponic Association and a commercial aquaponic grower. We believe that the Purdue study was very flawed and that they had poor handling procedures and created a cross-contamination issue between their other cattle, swing and livestock production and the aquaponic and hydroponic systems in the study. Furthermore they did not perform traceback as they mentioned it was outside the scope of work. In addition, they allowed a level 2 STEC E. coli contaminate to remain in their study systems and lab environments possibly endangering students, staff and potentially even cross contaminating their larger systems. This seems horribly negligent.

日本成本人片无码免费No other study has found fish feces to be the source of a pathogen. The only relationship is for fish that are reared in water that is already been contaminated with mammal or human feces.

Here is the Aquaponic Association response written by several university professors from U.S. and Canada as well as commercial members.

— Tawnya Sawyer

Editor’s note: We want to hear from our readers. Letters to the Editor can be submitted via the Contact Us link on our website.

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